پنج شنبه،31 خرداد 1397
  
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        • Iran At a Glance

          Official name Islamic Republic of Iran
          Head of State President H.E. Dr. Hassan Rouhani
          National Day 11th of February (Islamic Revolution of Iran-1979)
          Capital Tehran
          Area 1,648,196 sq km
          Land boundaries 4,137 km
          Sea boundaries 2,700 km (Including the Caspian Sea)
          River boundaries 1,918 km
          Border countries Afghanistan, Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan), Armenia, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan
          Climate Mostly arid or semi-arid, temperate along Caspian coast and mountainous temperate along west and north-west.
          Natural resources Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur
          Land use (1998):
          Arable land 300,000 sq. Km 18.2%
          Meadows and pastures 900,000 sq. Km 54.6%
          Forest and woodland 120,000 sq. Km 7.3%
          Other 258,000 sq. Km 15.7%
          Irrigated land 70,000 sq. Km 4.2%
          Agricultural products Wheat, rice, barley, potato, grains, sugar-beet, cotton, fresh & dried fruits, dates, pistachio, fruits, nuts, poultry, meat, dairy products, wool; caviar, flowers and medicinal plants.
          Population 76.03 million (2012)
          Population growth rate 1.34% (2012)
          Religions Muslim 99.56%
          Zoroastrian, Christian & Jewish 0.44%
          Languages Persian and Persian dialects, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Baloochi, Arabic
          Literacy (2011) Total 84.2%
          Currency Rial (IRR)
          GDP 448.2 billion US$ (2010)
          GDP per capita 6030 US$ (2010)
          GDP growth rate 6.4 % (2010)
          Total Imports 53451 million US $ (2012)
          Total Exports 98033 million US $ (2012)
          Foreign Direct Investment 4870 million US $ (2012)
          Industries Oil and gas, steel, aluminum, copper, electric and electronic equipment, cement & other building materials, metallurgy, home appliances, iron, textile, rugs and carpets, tapestry, miniature, ceramic, food processing (particularly sugar refining & vegetable oil production), petrochemicals, and car manufacturing & assemblies
          Electricity Production: 232,955 GWH (2010)
          Transportation:
          Railways networks 12000 km (2013)
          Road networks 220000 km (2013)
          Ports 11 commercial ports
          Airports 54